Tilak- Meaning and Significance

Tilaka (Hindi: तिलक) is a mark worn usually on the forehead.

The tilaka is a mark created by the application of powder or paste on the forehead.

The  tilaka which Bhagavan Sri Chakradhar used to apply consists of a long vertical marking starting from just below the hairline to almost the end of one’s nose tip, and they are also known as urdhav paundra

.It is intercepted in the middle by an elongated U. This tilaka is traditionally made with sandalwood paste.

9 other  types of tilaks which Bhagavan Sri Chakradhar accepted. See Pic below:

tilakWhy we use middle finger and ring ringer while doing tilak?
Answer lies in one hand gestures mentioned below
Asamyuta Hastas

These  describes the different hand gestures used in Bharathanatyam. Hastas / Mudras (hand gestures) are primarily classified as 28 Asamyuta Hastas (one-hand gesture) and 24 Samyuta Hastas (two-hand gestures).

Each of the hastas can be used to denote various thoughts, ideas and objects. There are various slokas (verses) from the ancient texts that enumerate the usage of the hastas. These are called Viniyoga Slokas. Apart from the suggested viniyogas, the dancer may innovate, if found necessary, to convey the appropriate message to the audience.

Answer lies in 18 th gesture

[18] Simhamukha [Lion’s face]

The way we do tilak

Viniyoga Sloka
Vidrume Mouktikechiva Sugandhe Alakasparshane
Aakarnanecha Prushati Moksharthe Hrudisamstitaha
Home Shashe Gaje Darbhachalane Padmadamini
Simhanane Vaidyapakashodhane Simhavakrakaha

Moksharthe Salvation
Sugandhe Fragrance
Hrudisamstitaha Heart
Padmadamini Flower

So applying tilak in this fashion signify these above things. Hence we apply tilak in this fashion.

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